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Tuesday, May 21, 2024

Immigrant Departures in Canada: A concerning Trend

IRCC in its Immigration Levels Plan for the years 2024 to 2026 said, Canada is planning to welcome 485,000 new permanent residents in 2024, 500,000 in 2025, with the numbers staying steady at 500,000 in 2026


Canada's immigrants departure

Canada has long been celebrated as a land of promise and opportunity, a beacon for newcomers seeking a better life. Its welcoming stance towards immigrants has drawn people from around the world in pursuit of the Canadian dream. However, recent reports suggest a concerning trend – an increasing number of immigrants are departing from Canada, raising questions about the reasons behind this unexpected Exodus. This trend has been steadily increasing since the 1980s, with notable spikes in 2017 and 2019, where departures exceeded the average by 31%. This is a significant wake-up call for Canada, indicating that many newcomers are arriving but subsequently deciding to depart.

A study conducted by the Institute for Canadian Citizenship and the Conference Board of Canada sheds light on this emerging issue.

Key Findings of the Report: The study highlights a steady increase in immigrants leaving the country, particularly among recent cohorts who have expressed disillusionment with various challenges they face. These challenges include:

Housing Affordability: High housing costs and limited affordable housing options have been a significant factor driving some newcomers to reconsider their stay in Canada.

Underemployment: Many immigrants find themselves in jobs that do not fully utilize their skills and qualifications, leading to underemployment, which can be frustrating and discouraging. Canada's immigrants departure

The report underlines a notable spike in departure rates during specific years, reaching 20-year highs. This trend emphasizes the cumulative impact of even seemingly minor departures over time.

Deep insight into the Causes of departure.  

Canada's immigrants departure

There are various issues that immigrants are facing in Canada. Many factors are adversely affecting newcomers, causing them to lose interest in pursuing Canadian citizenship. For immigrants, things are not as dazzling in Canada as they seem from afar.

The Marketing Hype vs. Reality Canada's immigrants departure

Canada’s marketing campaigns often portray an idyllic image of abundant job opportunities, financial prosperity, and a perfect lifestyle. But the truth that many newcomers discover after arriving is quite different. The challenges and disillusionment experienced by those who have chosen to make Canada their home are often overlooked in these campaigns.

1. The Burden of High Taxes Canada's immigrants departure

One of the most significant challenges faced by newcomers in Canada is the country’s exorbitant tax system. While Canada offers numerous benefits, including a stable economy and social services, these advantages come at the cost of higher taxes. The tax rates are notably high, and the more one earns, the more they must contribute to the government, making it difficult to build wealth or financial security.

2. Healthcare System Realities Canada's immigrants departure

Canada is praised for its free healthcare system, but this perception doesn’t encompass the full truth. While healthcare is provided at no direct cost to individuals, the expenses are covertly covered through higher taxes. Furthermore, accessing healthcare services often proves challenging due to long waiting times and delays in receiving medical attention.

3. Misleading Portrayal of the Canadian Lifestyle

Canada’s marketing campaigns often overlook the day-to-day challenges immigrants face. The inflated image of a perfect life masks the reality of financial strain and difficulty in finding stable employment, particularly for newcomers who lack Canadian experience.

4. The Canadian Experience Conundrum

Canada’s preference for Canadian experience has become a significant hindrance for immigrants seeking meaningful employment opportunities. Despite possessing substantial expertise, newcomers are often required to start from entry-level positions, disregarding their prior accomplishments.

5. Soaring Cost of Living. Canada's immigrants departure

Immigrants in Canada face the exceedingly high cost of living, from housing to daily essentials. These expenses erode a significant portion of an individual’s income, creating a cycle of financial instability.

6. Harsh Weather Conditions. Canada's immigrants departure

Canada’s climate is renowned for its harsh extremes, with long freezing winters and brief, often unpredictable summers. The lengthy, dreary winters impact the mental and emotional well-being of many newcomers, making it challenging to adjust to the vast differences in weather conditions compared to their home countries.

7. Subtle Racism and Discrimination Canada's immigrants departure

Despite Canada’s reputation as a diverse and welcoming nation, incidents of subtle racism and discrimination persist. Encountering prejudices based on race, ethnicity, or nationality can be distressing and demoralizing for immigrants.

Why does Canada need Immigrants Canada's immigrants departure

Canada has a long history of welcoming immigrants, and there are several reasons why the country continues to need immigrants:

1. Population Growth: Canada’s natural population growth rate (births minus deaths) is not sufficient to maintain a strong workforce and support an aging population. Immigration helps boost the country’s population, ensuring there are enough working-age individuals to support the economy and contribute to social programs.
2. Economic Growth: Immigrants often bring valuable skills, education, and work experience to Canada. They can fill labor market gaps, particularly in sectors with labor shortages. Skilled immigrants can contribute to economic growth, innovation, and competitiveness.
3. Diversity and Multiculturalism: Immigration enhances Canada’s cultural and ethnic diversity. This diversity enriches society, encourages multiculturalism, and promotes tolerance and understanding among different communities.
4. Entrepreneurship and Innovation: Many immigrants are entrepreneurs who start businesses, creating jobs and stimulating economic growth. They can also contribute to technological advancements and innovation.
5. Global Talent: Canada attracts international talent, including students, researchers, and professionals. These individuals can enhance Canadian institutions, research, and industries, contributing to the country’s global standing.
6. Support for Aging Population: As the Canadian population ages, there is a growing need for caregivers and healthcare workers. Immigrants can help address the shortage of skilled professionals in these fields.
7. Humanitarian Values: Canada has a strong tradition of welcoming refugees and providing a safe haven for those fleeing persecution and conflict. Immigrants and refugees contribute to the country’s humanitarian efforts and values.
8. Fulfilling Labor Market Needs: Certain regions and industries in Canada face labor shortages, and immigration can help address these gaps. For example, the agricultural, healthcare, and construction sectors often rely on immigrant labor.
9. Rural and Northern Development: Some parts of Canada, especially in rural and northern regions, are struggling with declining populations. Immigrants can revitalize these areas by settling there, starting businesses, and contributing to their growth.
10. International Relationships: Immigration allows Canada to build positive relationships with other countries. It fosters connections with nations from which immigrants originate and helps strengthen diplomatic ties.

Canada’s Immigration Levels Plan 2024-2026 Revealed

Canada's immigrants departure
Marc Miller
Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship of Canada

On Wednesday, November 1st 2023, Canada officially unveiled its Immigration Levels Plan for the years 2024-2026. This plan outlines the number of permanent residents to be invited to Canada over the next three years.

Key PointsImmigration Classes: The Immigration Levels Plan details the guidelines for the number of permanent residents to be invited under each of the three immigration classes: economic, family, and humanitarian.
Legal Requirement: The release of the annual immigration plan by November 1st is mandated by Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). This requirement applies in non-election years.
System Overhaul: The unveiling of the Immigration Levels Plan comes shortly after Immigration Minister Marc Miller acknowledged existing shortcomings in Canada’s immigration system. He has committed to overhauling the system to address these issues.
Stakeholder Engagement: The Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has actively engaged with stakeholders and the public throughout the year to gather input and feedback in order to shape the future of a more robust immigration system.


Canada heavily depends on the immigrant population but the diminishing enthusiasm to remain in Canada is not only reflected in the increased departure rates but also in a sharp decline in immigrants choosing to become Canadian citizens within a decade of their arrival. This shift in sentiment and behavior indicates a growing concern.

While Canada undoubtedly offers certain advantages and opportunities, it is essential to view the country with a balanced perspective that includes both the positives and challenges. The dream sold through marketing campaigns may not always align with the realities faced by immigrants on a day-to-day basis.

For those considering moving to Canada, being aware of the less glamorous aspects can help make an informed decision. Ultimately, the choice to immigrate or remain in Canada is personal and subjective. Individuals must weigh the pros and cons to ensure a fulfilling and prosperous life.




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